In the last chapter of Gerard Casey’s book “Libertarian Anarchy”, he says this: “The only mode of social organization that is ethically acceptable is one that respects our liberty, namely, anarchy” [page 147].
Anarchy literally means “no ruler”. My first argument as a Christian for anarchy comes from 1 Samuel, chapter 8. The elders of Israel come to Samuel, the last of the Judges, to demand that he install a king over them “to govern us like all the nations” [verse 4]. When Samuel takes this demand to the Lord, the Lord responds: “Hearken to the voice of the people in all that they say to you; for they have not rejected you, but they have rejected me from being king over them” [verse 7]. This is why, as a Christian, I cannot affirm the right of any other human to rule over me. This right belongs to God alone.
When Samuel reports back to the elders, he describes what it will be like to be under a king, ending with this: “He will take a tenth of your flocks, and you shall be his slaves” [verse 17]. In truth, there is no difference between chattel slavery as we had mostly in the southern US states, and government by any type of human ruler, that is, someone who can coerce you to act contrary to your conscience, or can prevent you from exercising the God-given gift of liberty, which is to direct your actions by your conscience, so long as you respect the equal rights of others.
If government is slavery, it, like chattel slavery, is destined to go away, because it is contrary to the dignity God has given every human. Where does this dignity come from? It comes first from our being made in the image of God [Gen 1:24, 27]. Secondly, it comes from the fact that the Son of God became a human being, Jesus. A third source of human dignity might be seen as coming from the fact that the Spirit can dwell in us [1 Cor 3:16]. It is because all humans have this ineffable dignity that human rulers are an abomination. Slavery in all its forms must end, and government by human rulers is a form of slavery, inimical to humanity.